The Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is family of about 200 viruses that cause common warts, genital warts, and some cancers. HPV is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases as the majority of sexually active adults will get HPV in their lifetime without immunization, particularly for people with HIV.
HPV can be spread through any sexual activity involving oral, genital, or anal contact.
For most people, the virus is harmless and their immune systems are able to clear the virus from their bodies within a one to two-year period. For others, HPV remains and the infected area can develop into cancer over time.
Signs and Symptoms
HPV variants can cause:
- common warts and genital warts
- cervical cancer
- genital cancer
- throat cancer
- anal cancer